Writing about AI is dangerous, it may result in someone building a system that solves problems we don’t want solved (like how to build a small nuclear bom) even though problem solving is not yet a strong talent of current deep learning algorithms.
Protecting against dangerous AI is almost impossible because AI doesn’t need to be highly advanced to be dangerous, it doesn’t even need to be AI, it can be a product of AI. an evolved algorithm or method of processing data that when one has developed it can do damage as part of some sensory or targeting system for example.
How to deal with this risk? The answer seems to lie in a system that can observe the world. A system that ‘loves’ humans. This sounds like sci fi, but of course in order to protect anything an AI needs to know what it is, what it looks like, what it can do, although this also depends on the capabilities of the AI.
For example, if humans want to be protected from an AI that puts out forest fires, the AI needs to understand humans need water too. The challenge of putting out a forest fire with a number of water carrying drones can not result in the total depletion or pollution of bodies of water on which a lot of people depend.
It is a comforting thought we are not there yet, no Skynet is operational, but it may soon be in some places. You only need to build a radar station, and have a fleet of drones with guns that meet and shoot at anything within a certain range. No big challenge there, we’ve seen it. You may not know but there are even self aiming rifles for humans to use these days. Every shot a bulls eye!
The solution I think of is uncommon and I have not seen it. It is to create an AI that spans the globe. Not physically, even though it will live in servers actually around the globe, but it will primarily be of use to others, it will be a global segmented cortex. It will recieve information and make it available. That will be its initial functionality, but in a way that makes sense to deep learning type algorithms.
The style of processing I think of is not that of modern LSTM networks, that is too rigid, but I have not managed to demonstrate the principle so I can’t write about it here. There is also the problem that the world does not respond to any AI processing on servers, so the system can’t have any real goals or take real action on its own. There is a way around this problem though. But I will try to see if this is feasible. To be continued.
We all know that when a current runs trough a wire or some other conductor, that conductor gets hot. So this is the same with Iron. Iron is a good conductor, rust as well, slack and stone not so much. To separate all the impurities and drive of the Oxygen from the rust you just jolt it with a lot of current and it will melt. This is a much cleaner process than using coal, although that source of energy was certainly the cheapest for the purpose.
Steel mills all over the world are increasingly being discovered to be a source of terrible pollution for the locals who have to live downstream of the chimneys. In Holland people around the TATA steel mills at IJmuiden have more diseases than elsewhere. Not a big surprise you can readily see the soot accummulated on the windows there. The above electric method is a way out of this, but then there is the question where to produce the electricity needed, because a lot is required. Until now moving iron ore and iron itself was the major cost factor determinining the price of iron. The fossil fuel industry subsidized this especially for the EU, which is after all a union of Coal and Steel, simply because all needed it to modernize (modernizing is a synonim of adapting to fossil fuel as a primary energy source). Modernizing Europe went without war because nobody hoarded the coal and steel (too much).
I think we can make TATA Steel clean if we build a solar power plant on the Markermeer. A floating one, that can also include homes and marinas and green patches for birds to land and rest on their trecks. Check out the
Storing energy is a challenge now that the amount of renewable energy production is growing. The willfully failing grid operators pretend the world will come to an end when their ignoring energy production trends starts to really destabilize their grid. They are failing and they are happy to, because they like centralized fossil or nuclear energy production. So what can you do as a home solar system owner?
Cold radiates less so it loses less cold over time than heat
Energy storage is about storing and recovering energy. In some cases you want to recover electricity because it is versatile, you can power your TV, computer, gamebox, lawnmower etc. For that purpose you may want to have a Powerwall or other now commercially available home grid connected battery. You can opt for a phase change material based water heating system. This means you use the electricity from you solar panels to heat phase change material, that then stores the heat until it gets disturbed into releasing it, in boiler type system. These systems are still very expensive even though the raw materails are not. There is a product in this field we will ad a link here.
But one way to store energy is as cold. You cool a reservoir of some material, one with preferable a thermal storage capacity, underground, and later use the cold to help your airconditioner. Of course any heat pump based generator can use the cold to generate electricity against the warm outside air, especially when you make it work against heat you tap from your solar panels. This has been shown to be quite efficient, but then again, efficiency is not a big concern as long as you get things done. You earn money by not running your AC as hard as you otherwise would.
Its a simple concept you can implement yourself by simply buying a freezer and running coils through it and to an underground storage tank. Then you also make some tubes to go to your airconditioning and some control valves and pumps to cool your airco hot side when it gets too hot and you have cold available.
You can imagine a so called ‘coldwell’ that consists of a tank to be stored underground with a AC type unit pulling the heat out of it. The difference being that the cold is not immediately lost by solar heating or ventilation.
From the article : Viking Cold’s TES systems not only store enough energy to cycle off refrigeration for up to 13 hours per day to avoid time-of-use and demand charges, they also improve the existing refrigeration systems’ efficiency and reduce consumption by more than 25 percent.
From the article : We discovered that if we pair CTES and appropriate chilling system control strategies, renewable energy utilization jumped from 10% to more than 50%. These results suggest that widespread implementation of CTES will boost renewable penetration for utilities.
HitBTC is not letting us acces our crypto. Many others are complaining it is throwing up hurdles to acces. We had 2FA active on our account, and we want it removed. HitBTC is not doing it. This is theft. We read elsewhere that HitBTC is also making it hard to withdraw funds off their platform. This is also theft. People have jumped through hoops and then get no effect of their actions. They have trusted HitBTC with their hard earned coins and they are being unlawfully disowned.
“So you wait the 4 days, and most people will then try to withdraw their funds. 100% of the time, I guarantee, the withdrawal will fail. Even though it’s well within the stated withdrawal limits, HitBTC will fail your withdrawal. They won’t even tell you why. You’ll need to follow up with support.”
I have raised compaints now through our Twitter channel several times. been contacted on our ‘ticket’ by Domingo Herrera but the requirements are rediculous. He is mailing our personal email address with a name identical to my own. I send a passport picture, I send transaction data. There is no will to free my account. There is 10.000 Euro worth of crypto in it. This can’t go on for all the users of this platform. So who are they?
We think they are in Chile. they must be in some kind of trouble. The think with these exchanges is that crypto increases in value, if you want to leave the exchange you have to find a buyer in real money, then you transfer the money out of the accounts of the exchange. The exchange is not going to buy the crypto off you, that would make it a participant in your speculation. This is why a crypto dollar like the USDT is popular, and why it is important crypto is accepted as payment.
It may be that HitBTC used crypto of its clients to pay bills or do other stuff they felt like doing, and now they can’t really deliver the coins people think are still in their accounts. That would mean they are committing large scale fraud which they try to hide by making people not access their accounts. In one description it is said that 2FA was ‘turned off’ so it didn’t work anymore. If that was an active decision on the part of HitBTC that is obviously an act of theft.
Crypto is money in the EU, and stealing is illegal. Asking for half the administration in order to remove a 2FA authentication safeguard is complete nonsense. The question remains how to recover our funds. We can travel to their offices, they may deny access and maintian they want all the documents they already asked for. The people there might be really nice. They may refer to the Seychelles. It may be best to consult a Chilean lawyer about Chilean law. We will find the most effective action and take it.
Technology has refocussed on batteries in an amazing shift initiated by Elon Musk. Billions will flow into energy storage systems of many types, including hot sand storage for instance. When other technologies like thin film solar are finally allowed to enter the market (now kept off it by carbon cash flow interests) we will see that renewables are the cheapest and best option nearly everywhere on Earth.
The defence of the fossil industry against this rapid shift is the sunk cost of their technology. In Spain the builders and finaciers of the gas pipeline from the north (Russian gas) wanted to shut down the solar power plants in order to allow them to recoup the investment by selling gas. This is economic thinking, old school, not roboeconomic thinking. Of course if you burn fossil fuels to build a pipeline (in all the different steps of the proces, from melting the steel, digging the trenches, feeding the workers) you wil NEVER recover that fossil fuel. You will only extract Euros (in this case) from the wider economy, but those are only exchange tokens, you can’t burn them to drive your shovel. This is the fundamental lie of the fossil credit economy. You can’t repay debt!
This phenomenon is pervasive in our economy, no wonder, as it is driven by the desire to maximize carbon credit cashflow. So banks have initiated fossil intensive activities everywhere to profit of the resulting cashflow, mainly caused by people burning the fossil fuel they buy, be it for fertilizers, logistics, processing, etc. In Holland this is the case with intensive farming. Dutch farmers have been promised profit if they grow their operations to a size that does not serve Holland at all, in fact the nitrogen output (manure) of pigs is poisoning the land, water table ec. And its not even necessary to do so but the nitrogen cashflows are protected by strict laws (you can’t recycle it, you have to dump it on the land somehow). The nitrogen from roads, airports and farmers are competing for the total natuional pollution budget, an interesting process, and the farmers are complaining (egged on by their banks and their paymasters) that their investments will have been in vain because their growth is now being curtailed (or is about to be). Banks knew all this when they got in but they obvkously like sunk cost as it is their primary means of control of society.
Of course to us roboeconomists it is clear no fossil fuel investment will ever be repayed, so don’t worry if it turns out to be a misinvestment : write it off! Now we find we have an important figure on our side : Timmermans, the climate szar of Europe. He is telling the Rabobank, an important fiancier of the big companies behind intensive farming in Holland, to look at their loans, and wonder which ones they should write off. His argument is that these loans will not have any yield because laws will prohibit the scale up envisioned by the bankers. That is one way of putting it, Timmermans keeps reasoning in the framework of the banks. He also assumes laws will actually prohibit the growth of the meat industry.
Debt in the fossil credit economy can NOT be repayed, as they represent burned fossil fuels, and nobody makes fossil fuels.
Banks go against this of course. Their argument is to maintain their lies. “Don’t treat these loans as subsidies.” “Our savers want their money back.” the usual “We have a responsibility to our shareholder” bullshit. This combined with “we need to take small steps in making farming sustainable”. But Timmermans is on to something. Banks have gotten about 2 trillion Euro support during the Covid pandemic. Don’t pretent a bank needs money from its savers to extend a loan. That makes no sense if you accept that the economy can grow (the total amount of money flowin in it can increase). Then there is fractional banking (to kind of explain what they are doing) so you have to be an absolute noob to not see that the usefull function of banks is to distribute fossil resources if it benefits the health and happiness of the public, and that banks ignore this and also extend it when the loans only benefit themselves.
Timmermans should think about his remarks and try to translate it in a general policy directive. That all loans and debts associated with emission intensive infrastructure or activities should be written off. This kills the ability for banks to lobby and build myths around them which may move the public to support them. Of course farmers have stress as they want to run a honest business. A write-off of their debts would deprive the banks of a desperate army willing to occupy and disrupt public life.
But think of all the other lobbying and bribing going on that we can’t observe. It would be great if someone explain that once you use fossil resources to build a pipeline for example, those resources are lost, they are CO2 in our atmosphere, doing damage, and no amount of doing everything else will bring those resources back. And we need that O2! Fossil credit debt is an illusion.
All loans for high emission activities that cause those activities to continue should be written off if not immediately at least at a much faster rate than planned. This will come at zero cost to society, except when banks try to take revenge for shrinking their power.
It does make sense to limit the expenses we can make, because there is a limited amount of people that give sensible direction to those expenditures. No use dumping a truck load of sandwiches next to a picknick of five people, they can’t make use of them. If we manage to make more usefull technology we may find a use, but then we will use renewables, not fossil fuels.
The physics of time and space is highly sophisticated. It has been imagined and developed by the brightest minds, and most of its claims are evidently right. Yet for me there is something missing, which is a true understanding of what the fundaments are. They kind of dissapear into a mist of equations once you learn about quantum physics, the schrodinger equation and the uncertainty principle. All these things are way beyond the uneducated to understand, you’d think. But so is cuneiform writing. This does not mean you can’t understand a translation from cuneiform.
For me the new inspiration came with the news that the LIGO detector had detected the merging of two black holes in the distant past. This event shook the gravitational field and the ripples eventually arrived on Earth and where picked up as a crescendo hum, that ended abruptly. What did it mean to me? That space was a rigid crystal that could transmit these kind of distortions. Like a block of steal you hit with a hammer on one side. You can exactly predict how the material transmits the deformation to the other side, where it will reflect back against its own molecular strength.
We wrote about the idea of collapsing space in another post. But there we still worked with the idea of a springy action between points in space able to contain energy.
The above is quite a novel way of looking at space for some, but it makes a lot of sense. Yet its not clear if I understand any of it. As a result of investigating the above I learned that others have thought about space as a deformed material. Any particle it space is a type of deformation, a folding of the fabric so to say. This sounded plausible to me. I found a book about it, and another scientist that imagined the same and showed it casued the constants used in astrophysics to roll out automatically [links to be inserted].
But this really still doesn’t explain much of what is happening. And I for some impractical reason would like to know. I am looking for the LEGO blocks of space. I don’t believe in time by the way, time is not real, it is only real if you accept crude memories of a past, extreme compressions of reality. We humans can imagine the past, we experience time. The role of time is to allow predictions, which is the primary function of our intelligence, to furnish us with predictions so we can make safe choices. It does distract and distort the conversation quite a bit. Especially because we’d like our ability to remember the distant past and future to be mirrored in some real process in reality, like time travel being possible.
Years ago already I imagined reality to be a membrane on which things changed, in 2d as a simplification. Not moving forwards through time, but simply existing as a surface of a giant pond, filled with waves, eddies and flows. Perhaps most like a air, with sounds, wind, high and low pressure areas, whirlwinds. That is what space is like and there is only space.
But what about matter? Well, I though matter would simply be folded space. I did not know how really, how can space fold. Now I think something new, which is that space is made of the fields, and that it can be broken up rather easily. Question : Is a bowling ball a piece of space moving through space, or is it like an image on a monitor, not really anywhere, ‘represented’ by the pixels, different pixels at different time, where the pixels represent a static space. I tend towards the first. A bowling ball is a spherical chunk of space that can move through space.
We all know that a bowling ball is made of resin and a core, so we can say “but its made out of resin! with a core!”. Yes, those molecules are hanging together to be the bolwing ball, but they are space too. This is where it gets interesting imho. If we make it super simple, we take a hydrogen atom, we know that it is surrounded by an electron. We can interact with the electron, raise its ‘orbit’ and kick it ouf of its orbit. I think an electron ‘in orbit’ is a different animal from a ‘free’ electron. For starters its a lot smaller. But what I think it is is a flat piece of space that has folded around the nucleus. In this flat space something strange is going on. I know to little of physics to know if the following is already a thing.
An electron when orbiting a nucleus is a spherically moving process of creation and annihiliation of space. The process is two dimensional. Somehow it shapes space so that its progression is stabile. What happens on the ‘front’ of this proces? Space is created and destroyed. The act of creation of space is a quantum of momentum. Energy is conserved in this process, energy is momentum.
The spring and ball model of spacetime is an adaption to recent insights, but still naive as to what are the springs and what the balls. Assuming points and bars allows for spring and ball phenomena like multi frequency traveling waves in the medium, the ‘mesh’.
Just imagine a single point where there is nothing else. Then the next moment there are two points. Then the two points can annihilate -if- another point is created. This is happening everywhere all the time as a matter of stabile orbiting, movement, vibration of matter around us. Quantum physics talks about waves of various frequencies and assumes they are distributed and exist even in a complete vacuum. I agree. but what exists is the process of traveling fronts of space annihilation and creation. These portions of space are the Planck length of course. Empty space is a grid of connected plank length ‘space bars’ through which all kinds of fronts travel, not necessarily all. Most particles are much larger than a planck length, but the fronts in them have to be.
Maybe this is akin to string theory, but the string moves sideways to form a shape. We have more than one type of field, but those are just names for the same thing, energy, and energy is space coming into being. In a sense the big bang was a lot of space coming into being at a single moment, after which its network expanded and unfolded or unpacked over time. One may imagine it like a complex 3 dimensional web, of course the number of dimensions is limitless, and only depends on how many ‘bars’ a point allows. It may be just three, or only at some angle.
Light travels in an incredibly straight line, preserving images over unimaginable distances. This seems to defy the idea it is mediated by anything.
What is a photon really? What is moving through space at light speed? I say its space itself. A bunch of closely following ‘bars’ of space are punching through into new points which result in new space formed but in the exact direction the light travels in. What amazes me is the straightness of light as it travels in every direction. If there where some kind of fabric light had to travel by, like grid point or something, then light would not be spead equally in every direction even after traveling a billion years. We would observe interference bands from that grid. We don’t. Light is space/momentum/energy moving in exactly one direction and direction is not quantized. This property is why I think we are seeing creation of space itself.
The above also stems from the desire to materialize ‘fields’. A field is a very unsatisfactory concept, as if there is something else in which a particle moves around. An electric field for example. What is it. And we talk about attraction to distant electrodes. How can a distant electrode work on a particle. “through the field” is the answer, but what is the “field”. I think it is a local density of ‘bars’ and points of a specific type, such that a propagating particle surface/wavefront is diverted as it seeks to create and destroy its space/momentum.
The bars may represent entanglement, besides the bars and their creation and destruction there should be nothing else. There are no forces between bars, the bars creation and destruction and linking between endpoints of different bars mediate the forces.
Maybe the bars can have different lengths, so that creation and destruction also represents less energy. This then allows different types of fields. For now this is my thinking, or the general direction in which it is moving, and I rather think of space as a mutlidimentional recreating graph than as an canvas on which things are more or less ‘painted’. I also escape the uncertainty and the wave function kind of talk. A wave function is about what you might observe as you measure or interact with a particle. If you imagine a particle being a front of momentum of a specific shape and composition trying to propagate through emptiness, it becomes logical you can’t predict where you will find it. It becomes logical it might find a way to tunnel through things (as there is relatively a lot of empty (low energy) ‘space’). You may even imagine the probability of finding routes through the existing fabric.
So we know there is matter and anti matter, and if we combine them they annihilate and genereate a lot of radiation. These are two mirrored surfaces, pieces of space, momentum fronts so to say but with opposing structure, who’s densities can exactly inversely overlap. This then removes the directionality to the front and this causes it to radiate outward in all directions.
Often in discussing the universe and quantum theory position and time are said to be mutually exclusive. From the perspective of the universe as a mesh of vertexes/bars connecting nodes the concept of both position and time become meaningless. An atom or electron can only be described to be in an approximate region of the mesh but it will never stay where it is, and as the nodes in the mesh change ‘neighbours’ there is no knowing where it will show up.
The interaction with and realization of gravity is most interesting if you can decode it in these terms. A photon has mass and thus interacts with the gravitational field. We say ‘space is bend’ but how does this really work. Even if you imagine a flow towards masses, in which a photon gets caught, you are not explaining the real effect. If you take a photon to be a piece of ‘compressed space’ that is ‘evolving’ forward to mainting energy equilibrium while having perpendicular electric space which forces itself to rotate, and if you assume this process to occurs independently of all other space (where you don’t observe the photon) then perhaps the electromagnetic component needs to interact with the distortions caused by heavier matter and becomes bend by the relative abundance of bar types in one direction as opposed to another.
If you try to implement the basic laws of entropy in this ‘space-bar’ kind of view of the basic nature of reality, it makes sense to state that the energy in one bar always triest to become less. This means that between two points there can be one or several quanta of energy, and that a single bar (unconnected) will always become two bars or more if it has two or more quanta of energy. Of course the system is lossless, so at times in a mesh of bars the distribution of energy will be unbalanced, and radiation traveling between the mesh will end up being absorbed and dump a load of energy in a few bars that then have to dissipate it (creating space).
There needs to be an explanation for the containedness of energy in a photon though, unless we are looking at a bar that flips forward, then allows rotation of a perpendicular electic bar (or bars) then flips forward again, or something like that, a tubling angle unhindered by links to the mesh.
If energy translates to mass this may simply mean that it is able to fold the mesh into a separate space on ‘impact’. What that ‘impact’, meaning the transfer of energy from for instance a photon to the orbit of an electron really means or how it happens is not decided. You’d have to assume interaction between the energy in the photon and the energy in the electron orbital surface where one sets off a change in the other such that the electron orbital surface integrates bars in its (local separated) mesh so that the orbit diameter grows.
Gravitation may be explained by more radiation being present closer to masses, which means more bars are ‘recycling’ in the mesh and thus a more densly connected mesh. So the ‘under’ side of an object exists in a denser mesh than the top, and inside the object the mesh also becomes denser and this means traveling energy in the object (orbitals etc.) find their way into the denser mesh as they travel and find it harder to leave that denser mesh. This draws the object towards the denser meshed ‘space’.
It is true you can make formulas to describe the behavior of objects in space, Einstein did of course, but this does not explain the mechanism. Conversely, the ‘space-bar’ explanation of reality does not easily convert into a formulaic format.
There may be three types of bars (or more) that do not ‘stack’, but desire to remain perpedicular, or most remote from each other. This does hint at a repulsive or neutral force coming from the ‘energy’ stored in bars, which is kind of weak. The best way in my opinion would be to find an explanation without assuming any forces.
It could be that a configuration of ‘space-bars’ can form that is stabile and as a result space expands. Gravity that does not allow light to escape could be a vertex density that is so large it can instantaniously absorb all new bars light tries to create or it no longer allows for independent bars to be formed (all end up connected and thus the energy can not travel outward).