Monthly Archives: April 2015

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Its a Bankers Planet

People are struggling to understand the low prices of oil. Some say it is a result of competitive production, where OPEC doesn’t want to cut back because it thinks Russia will fill the gap. The US doesn’t want to cut back on its own tar sands (Ok, its in Canada, same difference) because it doesn’t want ever to be sensitive to Middle Eastern politics again. All are offering oil to the market, so the price is low?

The price of oil is low because there is more oil than money to buy it. This depends on the amount of oil as much as it depends on the amount of money.

No, that’s not the whole story. Because we buy oil with USD (primarily) and who makes them? The USA’s federal reserve, which is a private bank. This is important because if you are an arab with a ship full of crude oil  and you have to hand that oil over for paper printed in the US, you may not want to do that. Although the US dollar is used in many regions to produce many interesting products, why would you need so many right now. Why sell oil for paper if you have a choice.

Actually Saudi arabia doesn’t seem to have a choice. It has to earn money because it is running out of USD. The country ships millions of barrels of oil to the world every day, and still it is running low. This is strange. It must have something to do with banks.

Banks determine oil prices by controling the amount of credit

Banks play a major role in the situation. If they increase the amount of money by providing credit for big projects, the demand for fossil fuels will go up (that money will be spend on fossil fuels in the proces of realizing the projects) and the price of oil goes up. In fact, banks only have to lend to speculators and the price of oil will go up. Banks print money, that is something everyone needs to fully appreciate, they can create it when they want it, although they prefer to do it with a good excuse, for instance an asset. But anything close to an excuse is usually enough, like a dot.com company or a portfolio of NINJA loans. What matters is if the creation of credit makes them more powerfull, or at least keeps them as powerfull as they already are.

If there is more credit, it will increase the number of people buying fossil fuels, which will increase the price of oil

It seems today, Saudi Arabia can’t raise the oil price to pay their costs, and it can also not tell those needing USD (banks with creditors) to go fuck themselves. The Saudi money reserves are depleted by Wallstreet obligations, possibly through the decades old mechamism described by the ‘economic hitman’, who explained the Wallstreet banks make Saudi Wealth (USD) disappear to keep them hungry for more, in return for oil.

Direct trade of oil in other currencies has been fought by the US in many instances, because it would reduce the total pool the US could freely make use of by printing dollars.

It seems there is a fight going on that the oil producers can’t win because they don’t control the currency their oil is traded in. They throw the barrels on the market, but unlike in the 50s and 70s (after they negotiated a pay rise)  the response is not an economic ‘boom’ accompanied by more credit creation and subsequent higher prices. The banks are against, as is shown from dutch central bank director Knot who remarked that ECB quantitive easing programs where ‘unnecessary’. European QE is happening, so this fact doesn’t yell with the idea banks are against more credit, but off course they didn’t realize that Europe wants to do the same thing the US has been doing for a decade now : print money and buy oil. And it is after all a Coal and Steel uninion.

Putin has been making gas deals to make ends meet and expand his options to sell outside the influence of USD banks. Because those banks force him to squander his oil?

It seems that whatever the banks want, they are in charge, and all the countries that produce oil are either inclinde strategically to keep producing (US) or have to because of their financial engagements, with the same banking sector that is refusing to print more money to drive up demand and enable them to pay their bills.

On the other hand, nobody ever hears the whole story of oil production, it may well be that wells can’t slow down production for technical reasons. It may also be production is dropping along with credit.

This situation thus is either a recepy for war (f.i. between creditors of Russia and Russia) or for the economic enslavement of all oil producing countries that need dollars.

The upside of banks refusing to increase credit is that there are less CO2 emissions

It is so typical of banks controlling the game, that when things go wrong for Saudi Arabia, they don’t get into a fight with their bank, but with the creditor that thought it was investing dollars in Saudi Arabia. While all the while the dollars only had value because they bought oil from the same, Saudi Arabia or some other place. The banks thus play both sides, armed with a printing press and neat suits, hubris and complex instruments, and the oil producers (for now) are the sucker.

 

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Roadside Emissions Checks

People are dying early because they have to breath car fumes. This is expecially the case in urban environments. Everyone living in a bussy city knows that the moment you step outside your door you will be deafened by carnoise, and within a few seconds you smell the half burned fossil fuels, see the smoke. Stop and go traffic is belching out clouds of soot from half heated badly tuned engines. Supply trucks are the worst.


Some morons even pride themselves in the soot comming out of their stacks..

New research concludes it is 25% of the cars that cause 90% of the pollution. Ideally you’d have CO2, NOx and H2O (from cars running on pure fuels without added chemicals). NOx is unavoidable but can be removed with an ammonia Bleutech ‘afterburner’  as happens in some Mercedes cars. But there is always some VOC, meaning unburned fuels, and soot, also meaning unburned fuel as well.

An emission control system

In many countries mandatory car checks have been introduced to increase road safety. In Holland this is called the APK check. It means you your car brakes, lights and a number of other things have to work or it has to be kept off the roads. We think it would be a smart move to do the same for emissions. Since it is only a small portion of cars that are high pollutors, and probably and even smaller portion of that small group, that are the real culprits, it makes sense to introduce road side emission checks.

HC are hydrocarbons, or VOC, volatile organic compounds

The idea is not new, but it may be something one can put more emphasis and action to in the next few decades as the world is trying to rid itself of all internal combustion cars on the road in favour of battery electric vehicles. Recently the health issue has recieved more attention, also because higher average temperatures increase the damaging effect of some emissions, like ozone.

We don’t want people to drive cars that kill other people, no matter how slowly

Internal combustion cars are despreratly (for fucking crying out loud) inefficient. This situation is worsed by having to remove emissions, which costs energy as well. Electric cars using the same fuel to generate electricty and then use that electricity to drive their engines are already more efficient (so called hybrids if the generation happens inside the car). The top of the range is electric cars using solar/wind or other renewable electricity sources.

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Steeds sterker lawine effect zonnepanelen

Iedereen weet intussen wat zonnepanelen zijn, hoe ze er uitzien en dat je nooit iemand hoort klagen over de installatie. de prijzen zijn intussen flink gedaald, wat nog zal doorzetten omdat de productie capaciteit groeit en er aan de EU heffingen wordt getoornd. Gemeenten zoals Arnhem hebben geen enkele reden meer om te aarzelen met het promoten en faciliteren van zonneinstallaties.

De zwarte panelen zijn esthetisch, de investering verdient zich al bijna in 6 jaar terug. Nederland loopt flink achter bij de ons omringende landen, voornamelijk vanwege de gasverslaafde partijen in de regering. Langzaam begint de weerstand daartegen toe te nemen. Nog even en nieuwbouw huizen met daken op het zuiden moeten verplicht panelen in plaats van pannen gebruiken.

In de motie hierboven wordt Het Rijnstate Ziekenhuis genoemd. Daar werden 600 zonnepanelen op het dak van Rijnstate Arnhem, in totaal ongeveer 3.000 m2. Ieder jaar wekt Rijnstate op deze manier ongeveer 148.500 kWh op. Ziekenhuizen hebben continu electriciteit nodig, ze zijn dus ook een prima kandidaat voor batterij opslag.

De getoonde Tesla Lithium Accu is groter dan hij hoeft te zijn voor de meeste huishoudens. Volgens sommige bronnen worden de systemen via een leas constructie geplaatst. Lithium accus zijn perfect te recyclen, dus ook al gaan ze niet eeuwig mee, waneer ze met hernieuwbare energie worden gerecycled kost dat bijna niks.

Lokale opslage wordt nu in Duitsland gestimuleerd, waarbij je wel moet kiezen, danwel je eigen stroom opslaan met subsidie, danwel deze terugleveren tegen een vergoeding. Deze regeling is voornamelijk getroffen omdat de kolencentrales de kosten van het in de winter produceren van stroom tegen terugleververgoeding (geld dat huiseigenaren in de zomer opbouwden) niet meer kunnen opbrengen.

Een regeling die energie opslag stimuleert moet echter levering naar het netwerk toestaan, zodat individuele opslag installaties een buffer kunnen zijn van stroom. Zo kan stroom die lokaal wordt geproduceerd lokaal worden benut. De energiemarkt is nog niet op deze fijnmazigheid voorbereid maar dat zal dan vanzelf komen. Gemeenten kunnen op dit gebied koploper zijn.

Elke gewonnen slag voor meer hernieuwbare energie betekend minder invloed van de fossiele infrastructuur. Dit zal op gegeven moment een totala omslag teweeg brengen, zodat fossiel echt wordt gezien als iets uit het stenen tijdperk. We kunnen niet wachten tot het zover is.

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A Moratorium on Renewables Opposition

The tide is outgoing for climate deniers. Fossil industry lackeys are being called out left right and center. Renewables are clearly able to produce energy as reliably as coal, gas and nuclear. The sense that fossil and nuclear are part of a dangerous diversion is growing rapidly. Soon people not wanting aggressive climate action will be deemed fools or criminals.

Say : I will not object solar, wind, geothermal or wave renewable energy installations until jan first 2050, at which time my grievances will be heard and action will be taken if agreed by majority in the relevant governmental body.

In light of the growing understanding there is a real need to keep average temperatures below 2 degrees compared to the pre industrial era, and that expanding the renewable energy capacity is needed for this, and that wind energy is the cheapest form (although solar might trump at some point), it must be clear to anyone with a rational mind that we need to pull out all the stops, release all the brakes and keep no reserves when it comes to producing renewable energy sources. True clean energy (which excludes biomass, which hides a lot of ecological destruction), has to be unleashed. At least temporarily.

Wind, Solar, Geothermal and Wave energy need to be deployed at absolute maximum speed

The opposition to wind and solar and wave energy projects is partially driven by making people aware of their impact on the horizon. How it looks. Many people are preoccupied by this over any benefit in terms of wealth and health, let alone posterity. Wind turbines are deemed ugly and an eyesore. Even though this may be true, for all intends and purposes there is no time for this kind of wrangling.

Building ten Tesla equivalent Giga-battery-factories as soon as possible is part of this race

We think it would be good to declare a global moratorium on wind opposition, because Wind is the main recipient of public opposition. The moratorium will be temporary, until about 2050, at which point it will be possible to determine the outcome of climate change for humanity. At that date we are either completely screwed or on our way to recovery.

People have put up with a lot of uglyness in the name of industrial progress, look at Bejijng even today. Make no mistake, renewable energy will bring about a revolution also because it is thousands of times more abundant, and the methods of harvesting will soon be zero cost to manufacture. This is a change for good even if millions of Koch Brother funds (now $1 billion for the next precidential candidate) lie about it. We need to take a bullet for the next generation, like the soldiers in WO I and WO II, only this time it amounts to ‘not complaining’.

That is not to say wind turbines have to be placed and accepted everywhere, it is to say that we need to keep their deployment at maximum capacity for the next 25 years. If it is in eyesight of where you live, accept it. Look the other way. It is the decent thing to do.

We think energy that is produced by a wind or solar farm should primarly serve the local population. So agressive and destructive colonialization as we see from many fossil fuel driven corporate business models are certainly undesirable. But considere that even if you don’t get money for the solar or wind capacity, the prices of things you buy will drop because the solar and wind farms will offer cheaper energy. Your health will improve, your streets and cities will be cleaner and more quiet. It has many benefits. To shut up about any estethical shortcommings is not a sacrifice. There is enough land and sea to place enough renewables to replace fossil fuels 2000 + times over. So you are likely to be spared any inconvenience, but stop any objection until 2050.

 

 

 

 

 

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De Markermeer Zonnecentrale (hashtag #mmsa)

 

Recently barks have been floated for birds to nest on. Imagine what many square kilometers of solar islands with reeds around it can do..

New plant just finished in china. 19-5-2017

Update : Bouw MMZC zou 5 Miljard kunnen opleveren:

Update : Begin bouw natuurgebied ‘Markerwadden’

Update : Mogelijke concept sponsor wielren route?

Click here for a PDF Project Brief

Click here to listen to the podcast version [some text was lost so this is a rewrite]..

Floating Islands of Solar Panels, for Energy, Recreation and Food production in the Markermeer

Floating solar panels offer new options to increase renewable capacity. We propose Holland starts a project to build a large array in the Markermeer, which is part of the original Zuiderzee (before the ‘Afsluitdijk’, connected to the North Sea) and IJsselmeer (current situation, a sweet water lake). The Markermeer is used for recreational sailing, and may one day be claimed as land, but that does not prohibit it’s use for solar electricity generation (when the lake dries up the pontoons simply land on the ground). It has 700 square kilometers, and above you can see what area 100 square kilometers would cover.

Old map showing the early Zuiderzee, from which much land was claimed

Floating pontoons with panels on top have several advantageous over land based panels:

  • No land is needed (quick and cheap)
  • Panels shade the water, reducing evaporation
  • Panels cooled by the water have higher output.
  • Add to this easy maintenance, level construction, securing they system

Kyocera has a system that can support big solar installations on water, like it proves with the Nishihira Pond and Higashihira Pond in Kato City Other systems are possible as well, as the Markermeer is only 5 meters deep, so poles of 12 meter deep in the clay underneath could be the basis of almost standard rows of panels. There are other floating solar systems, for example of the dutch company Van der Valk Solar. When we consider the Kyocera system we can calculate that it allows about 108 Wp to be installed per m2 of water. This means that on 10 by 10 km water, one can install  10.801.880.798 Wp, more than 10 billion Wp. This amount of solar panel would generate 9181 MWh (9 GWh) per year. This is equivalent to about 16 500 MW powerplants. Holland has about 40 powerplants of varying capacity. Two 520 MW plants on the Maasvlakte are about the biggest. Some stand idle even though they are brand new. Solar Pensions As the pension system heavily depends on the availibility of productive capacity when people recieve it (imagine you get a 1000 Euro or Dollar but there is no fossil or other energy to farm or make products), and because fossil energy is quietly shown the exit, there needs to be a replacement energy source to produce all the things pensioners may want to buy in the future. The most efficient way to deal with this is to create the renewable energy capacity to produce all the things pensioners need, preferably by using the money people pay into their pensions.

Sadly Dutch Orange Solar’s Business strategy (according to the CEO) doesn’t include creating a mega project to secure its revenues for the next 10 years

A Markermeer  Solar Array could be build over a decade, using only pension premiums, functioning as an investment object for pension funds. The money put in is returned about 2,5 times. Moreover, one could build a solar panel plant right next to the Markermeer to build the panels, which would create a lot of jobs. Further improvements to the design of the panels (no glass cover f.i.) could cut the cost of the installation per Wp. Climate goals would become easier to reach as well. Just like the dutch practically invented the pension system (Johan de Witt) they could invent the Solar Pension, not in the hand of speculators and fund directors, but in the hand of the dutch state, which knowing it has the solar GWhs to do whatever it pleases, can produce all it needs for its pensioners in the future circular economy.. Ocean Based Solar Even though wind is developing into an energy source easily deployed in even the most hostile oceanic environments, floating solar plants hold a similar promise to allow activities in places now considered remote and inpractical. We think we will see eco restorative installations in remote places like the middle of the atlantic at the equatorial lattitude, to increase ocean life thourgh artificial upwelling of deep water and dumping of CO2 to great depths (robo / extraeconomically).

It now seems unfeasible economically, but this will become irrelevant when the cost of solar dips below zero. The potential to capture carbon is enormous, just like the above calculation of producing energy with an practivcally unused lake is pretty enormous. Bird Biotoop Floating solar panels already provide a place to land for birds, but providing opportunities for birds could be an integral part of the design. Floating reed island strips between the panels for breeding and foraging. This could also purify the water as is demonstrated in the projects of Floatingislandsinternational. It would be in the Dutch tradition to try such an approach, which has the advantage of being insensitive to waterlevel changes. More examples

source

Chapter 2, Markermeer Seaweed Farm ?

apparently the low depth of the Markermeer offers more potential, in fact, the lake is plagued by seaweed growing, or maybe not seaweed but waterplants (as it is sweet water)

The waterplants called Fonteinkruid are wrapping themselves around the boat screws. It is viewed as a pest that produces useless material. But is that the case? It is biomass which can be digested, but there are other benefits to having it : Oxygen production.

So by allowing this plant to grow in the Markermeer one can capture CO2, which is turned into the plants + oxygen, making the lake a big CO2 sink. With the profit from biogas production from the weed one can pay for clearing it in the right places. Maybe this can even pay for the Solar Array.

Energie opslag

Verschillende innovatieve energie opslag mechanismen zijn in ontwikkeling. ECN heeft een concept met een vliegwiel in de vorm van een maglev trein die ondergronds met enorme massa rondjes zou maken. Voor het Markermeer is het misschien handig om perslucht opslag te gebruiken in luchtzakken onder water.

Troebel water

Het Markermeer heeft al jaren last van troebel water. Door de wind wordt het water onhelder waardoor planten niet groeien, wat impact heeft op de visstand, en indirect op de aalscholvers die de vis in het meer graag eten. Misschien kan de wind brekende en dekkende werking van drijven de zonnepanelen dit probleem kleiner maken, en zo ook weer voor inkomsten bij de vissers zorgen. Al verschillende malen is de dominante vissoort compleet veranderd door de instabiliteit van het meer. Rustig water wordt helder, het heeft waterplanten en vis en het trekt vogels aan.

Heliofloat, huge floating solar power plants

Kunstmatige eilanden

Er is reeds een kunstmatig eiland aangelegd tegen de ribdijk bij Enkhuizen, als habitat die bij sommige windrichtingen nat is en bij andere droog. Ook zijn er kunstmatige eilanden gemaakt met behulp van slip in een zak.

Gebroeders Das en Markermeer:

http://www.stichtingmilieunet.nl/andersbekekenblog/klimaat/is-dit-de-oplossing.html

http://www.we-at-sea.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/RL4-1-2006-010-Energie-eiland-opslag.pdf

http://www.overwind.nl/artikelen/plan-lievense-2/

http://nrcboeken.vorige.nrc.nl/recensie/twee-tekentafel-cowboys

https://www.speakersacademy.com/files/publications/Rudolf%20Das%20-%20Interview%20ACADEMY%202005-1.pdf

Marker Wadden:
https://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/sites/default/files/Vista%20-%20Houtribdijk%20Marker%20Wadden%2022-04-14m.pdf

https://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/thema/marker-wadden

https://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/het-project

Alle plannen langs de Houtribdijk (Dijk Enkhuizen – Lelystad):

overzicht:
http://www.rijkswaterstaat.nl/water/plannen_en_projecten/vaarwegen/markermeer/natuurlijker_markermeer_ijmeer/metingen_en_experimenten/lopend/ (overzicht)

http://www.ecoshape.nl/nl_NL/houtribdijk.html

https://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/sites/default/files/Het%20aanleggen%20van%20pilot%20moeras%20in%20het%20Markermeer-v5%2020140819%20def.pdf

http://www.gebrvanderlee.nl/pdf/q2_2013.pdf

http://www.innoverenmetwater.nl/upload/documents/Pilotstudie%20drijvend%20rietmoeras%20Houtribsluizen%20(rapport).pdf

Another example of a floating solar array, could be a fresh water plant..

Indian solar array on lake

Brazilian floating solar array on hydro dam

Large Floating Solar Farm in the UK

Marker Wadden Meer over de Markerwadden

 

Brazil uses dammed lake surface for floating solar panels

kolenuit

Largest floating solar plant of europe in the UK

Sunfloat

Lievense plan opslag zonne energie

600 MW op meer in india

Solar panels to reduce evaporation on lake Mead

floatavoltaics “Floating solar is a win-win energy solution for drought-stricken US lakes

Heliofload

Floating plant owned by Apple in Japan.

100 Megawatt floating solar project

Thermal storage and solar power plant at sea

Drijvende vakantiewoningen in Grevelingen meer

Floating solar panels the new frontier

How a floating solar panel farm is created

Proef drijvende zonnepanelen op de maasvlakte

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Refugees and the Extraeconomy

We are seeing the shocking result of human trafficing in the Mediterranean. Hundreds of men, woman and children drown as they are shipped (sometimes locked up) on rickety boats from Lybia. Italy, being easiest to reach, has the burden of rescuing these people, and the honour of treating them humanely, and letting many of them in to Europe.

The debate seems to center around how we should stop this stream of immigrants, with more patrolling, harsher treatment of traffickers. Wheter we should distribute those that arrive alive over the whole territory of Europe. There are two solutions that nobody is talking about: 1. Send the people back, drop them on the Lybian shore and 2. Make it easier for them to stop migrating by supporting ways to live along the route.

Lybia keeps immigrants in prison. The situation there is horrible, barely water, sanitation and food. So sending them back should probably be done with some plan to improve those conditions in mind.

But looking at the routes, it’s hard to understand why Nigeria would be a source of refugees because of it’s wealth of oil. Apparently this oil is not used to stabilize its society (maybe a lot to ask as they just recently had real elections). Is Boko Haram chasing people towards Europe? Of course violence and human rights abuses justifies people fleeing, but how far should they have to go?

In general we would assume that if there is local opportunity for employment and a normal life, people would not try to reach Europe (at least not uneducated women with children). Between The main sources of refugees and Europe there are regions in which could be temporary or permanent homes with some help. The closer to the problem zones they can stay, the more likely they will eventually return home.

We are probably underestimating the savagery in some parts of Africa, but there are large parts where there is not much fighting (probably the most resource poor). How hard is it to establish safe zones on de Mediterranean coast? Are warlods in Lybia involved in the trade? Anyway the absolute number of refugees is not that big (not like in refugee camps elsewhere in Africa). Anything would be better than seeing people drown.

Africa needs help, not only against war and violence, but also to cope with climate change. Luckily, with some sensibile interventions it is possible to improve the outcome, in the video above farmers in Mali talk about how simple ‘contour trenching’, or digging ditches perpendicular to the direction of rain water floods, increased the millet yield threefold. That means the land can now carry three times the people! Peter Westerveld pioneered this approach which also includes creation of microclimates and rain/cloud ‘conveyor belts’. He observed that trees create clouds, clouds create rain and so planting trees or simply enabling them to grow through contour trenching can carry water (by cloud) to dry areas, and keep it circulating in the topsoil and atmosphere. The greening effect of this attracts all kinds of life. Simple ditches can thus revive a whole landscape.

Climate change will cause drought in large parts of Africa. The World Bank predicted this and suggested poor farmers would buy ‘rain index futures’. But you can’t insure against continuous drought, and if people run away from the places that climate change makes uninhabitable the process of desertification won’t stop. It is necessary to fight the degradation and drive a change in Africa that makes it a more hospitable continent. This may in turn stem the refugee streams. It may take time, but the only option is to improve things, not run away from them.

Extraeconomics

Perhaps the approach to providing better food security can be done by Extraeconomic principles. When western companies come in with trucks to build shelters and and poor concrete and such. They may on the one hand just subsidize European companies, and on the other make climate change worse. This is the trouble with any free market economy approach to climate change : Its like trying to put out a fire with gasoline (literally).

You can optimize the cost of renewables to zero

A much better approach is to start with a zone, either inhabited or not, and try to make it an autonomous self sustaining territory. One that doesn’t need to import or export to keep its population alive. This is what we call an Extraeconomic zone.

Fossil fuels used for the harvesting of natural resources is like fuel in a lawnmower, and as long as the fuel doesn’t run out, the lawnmower doesn’t stop

The difference of an extraeconomic zone compared to an economic zone is that there is nobody trying to grab its assets or resources to sell on the global market. There is no banks offering fossil fuel credit seeking interest and contact with the global market is restricted, the bulk of what is produced is not for sale. Its a bit like a plantation, but one for Mother Earth. Even though the people in it may earn a regular wage, the zone as such does not serve the global economy, it only serves the purpose of restoring the atmospheric CO2 balance.

Growing trees for the sake of capturing carbon means you can’t sell them for wood

Examples are large tree plantations that don’t sell the trees, but turn them into charcoal for dumping into the ground (reverse coal mines). Agriculture without fossil fuel fertilizer, aiming to increase soil carbon as wel as growing harvests of CO2 capturing crops, meanwhile sustaining the population in the zone. Creating wealth and biodiversity abundance without the intent to slaughter and sell, only to sustain more life.

 You can’t use fossil fuels to restore the climate

It may sound like hippy talk, but it will be necessary, and even desirable. Right now the move towards local autonomy is gaining traction in every corner of the planet. In germany people are subsidized to generate their own solar electricity, store it in their own Lithium batteries for use in the evening, then of course they can (eventually) sell it locally to the water company, or to local restaurants and factories, in effect reducing dependence of activities on more distant sources including the world economy. Renewables being distributed by nature will turn the world in a patchwork of autonomous (but connected) communities.

Dutch Rainmaker Windturbines can provide water where there’s none right now, allowing food to be grown and villages to develop

A special aspect of extraeconomics is that it works any place where there is renewable energy potential (technically anywhere on Earth). Once you have energy you can use it to turn the driest desert into an oasis. This turns the classic idea of economics on its head, which looks for economic factors or locations. This is because fossil fuels are scarce and you have to optimize. With renewables that may still be the case, but rest assured, they won’t stay scarce.

Extraeconomics : Investing money to create a self sustaining community that doesn’t create a return, but only serves the abundance and health of life on Earth

If you apply energy to any place on Earth you can let people live there. A good example (using fossil fuels) is Dubai isn’t supported by its natural surroundings, it was created and is on 24/7 fossil fuel life support. Dubai is just an extreme example, but the world economy as a whole (with its senseless logistics f.i.)  is similary on a permanent fossil fuel high.

Fossil fuels being scarce have to be distributed through principles of competition. This means a region that wants it has to sell something to earn the money to buy the fuels (or have the biggest army and a printing press like the USA). Consequence is that only areas where the world economy can extract some resource recieve credit and fuel, the rest has to either scrape by or elect a government that sells their natural/mineral resources. Renewables don’t create these dynamics. They allow for many independent ‘extraeconomic’ zones.

Extraeconomic zones could be designed, created and protected under protection of an alliance of countries like the UN

Extraeconomics says : How can people live here, take care of themselves and restore the environment without help over long periods of time. They can be situated within normal economic regions, or be created in places nobody is interested in, even at sea. This thinking takes a new look at our planet and sees plenty of options to fix global warming and perhaps provide shelter for refugees..

 

 

 

 

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Handige Electrische Personenbus

De overgang naar electrisch is een langzaam proces, er wordt verwacht dat het wagenpark langzaam wordt vernieuwd (duurt 20-30 jaar). Conversie van bestaande auto’s (zogenaamde aftermarket benadering) staat nog op niemands radar. Een enkele hobbyist stelt een kit samen maar that’s it.

Toch is het goed dat er modellen op de markt komen die zinvol dienst kunnen doen, zeker in het segment van het kleine busje. Daar rijden er zoveel van rond die ons dagelijks roet en chemische middelen cadeau doen (ten koste van onze levensduur) dat menige stad er over denkt om ze volledig uit de drukke delen van de stad te verbannen. Vracht leverancies dan maar met een locale electrische bus, of met de electrische boot, zoals in Utrecht.

Op de AutoRai is momenteel een bus van Nissan te zien, de E-NV 200. Als niet auto expert maar zeer fanatiek roethater hebben we het apparaat kunnen bewonderen. Zeer voor de hand liggend eigenlijk, een motor voor, accus als bodemdeel. Verder niet geoptimaliseerd. De range 170 km met een lading van 500 kg. Dat is toch een nuttige afstand, zeker als je op je bestemming kunt opladen terwijl je bijvoorbeeld een keuken installeert.

Die 500 kg is de belading waarbij de range is bepaald. Het kunnen ook zeven passagiers zijn. Met dit soort busjes weet je in ieder geval waar je aan toe bent in vergelijking met de hybrides, waarvan de specs nog aleens optimistisch kunnen zijn.

Busjes zijn uitermate geschikt om electrisch te zijn en bestaan ook al jaren in die vorm. Het hoeft er niet strak en aerodynamsch uit te zien en het chassis is toch al gemaakt voor gewicht dus die accus kunnen er wel bij. Met het toenemen van de range (toch wel 30% te verwachten in de komende 5 jaar) en het lichtere onderhoud (geen olie, motor, pakkingen etc.) zou het voor veel bedrijven nu al een winner kunnen zijn.

Hieronder het bericht van Nissan tav het symposium

In deze informatieve sessie zijn we geslaagd aandacht te schenken aan het Energie Akkoord en hoe wij vanuit de samenleving een bijdrage kunnen en willen leveren aan een beter lucht- en leefklimaat middels duurzaam vervoer. Hierbij doelen we niet enkel op het terugdringen van de CO2-uitstoot, maar ook op de reductie van fijnstof en andere gezondheidsbedreigende emissies . Daarnaast hebben we met gastsprekers en panelleden gerealiseerd hoe lokale overheden zich kunnen voorbereiden op deze transitie naar duurzaam vervoer en welke stappen hiervoor nodig zijn om dit zo efficient en effectief mogelijk te bewerkstelligen:

*         Voormalig staatsecretaris Pieter van Geel (voorzitter SER Uitvoeringsoverleg Mobiliteit & Transport) die het Energieakkoord toelichtte, waarin wordt voorgesorteerd op volledig schoon vervoer,

*         Lot van Hooijdonk,  die vanuit haar rol als wethouder Gemeente Utrecht (Verkeer en mobiliteit, Duurzaamheid en Milieu) haar "best practices" in de gemeente Utrecht presenteerde,

*         Jurjen Helmus, (Hogeschool van Amsterdam, docent innovation management), die middels verschillende data-analyses de laadprofielen en daaruitvolgend efficiente laadinfra onder het licht bracht,

*         Art van der Giessen (Project Manager Electrisch Vervoer Gemeente Amsterdam), met zijn jarenlange ervaring als koploper in elektrisch vervoer zijn ervaringen deelde,

*         Redmer van der Meer (Divisonal General Manager Business Development Nissan Europe), die inzicht in de huidige maar ook toekomstige elektrische technologie verstrekte,

We zijn van mening dat we de genodigden van de laatste ontwikkelingen ten aanzien van elektrisch rijden voor zowel het openbaar vervoer als de particuliere rijder hebben voorzien.

Dit symposium heeft ook aandacht gekregen vanuit RTL, die in hun tv programma "RTL Transportwereld" een special op zondag 10 mei besteedde, welke ik je natuurlijk niet wil onthouden, vandaar ook deze link:

Video
 

 

 

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UHV Solar Panels at Solar Solutions

Ultra High Vacuum collectors spun off of CERN activities

Ultra High Vacuum Solar

From accellerated particles to eh, accellerating particles..

Solar thermal panels are quite common, but their yield and generated temperatures are relatively low. Non-vacuum go to about 80 Celsius, vacuum tubes go higher, but both are limited in their utility because many processes require higher temperatures.

The temperature of something depends on the speed at wich its atoms and molecules vibrate or move around. The faster they do that the hotter the material

One of the optimization problems of these systems is the loss of heat due to convection currents of the air in the collectors/panels. The heat causes the air to circulate and this helps transport heat from the hottest parts (inside) to the coldest (the outside). This limits the capacity of systems especially in winter when air temperatures are below zero.

Solar energy is high even in winter. The main problem is losing it to the air after having absorbed it. Vacuum prevents that.

There are several solutions to this problem, one is to compartmentalize the space in which air likes to move, but has adverse effects on the absorption and leads to occlusion of the collector parts of the pannel. An easier solution is to replace the air with another gas (done in double glazing) or remove it all together. This last option is tried in vacuum panels and tubes.

A good reason to try to reach higher vacuum and temperatures is that the higher the temperature differential created the more energy can be extracted

Vacuum means no air, no air pressure inside, but that stil leaves te air pressure outside, which is about 1 kg / cm2 at sealevel. The weight on one m2 is 10.000 Kg! Tis means that if you remove all air from a space the forces on it will become considerable. Because of this vacuum tube solar collectors have used tubes, cilinders, a shape able to withstand a lot of pressure. Due to the shape of tubes the area actually able to collect solar energy is limited, causing a kind of tradeoff between increased efficiency and yield/m2. Still vacuum these collectors can generate high temperatures even when it is freezing cold outside.

SRB Energy High Vacuum Solar Collector (reaches 450 Celsius)

One drawback of the common vacuum tube collector is hat the strength of the vacuum is not that great. Vacuum means no gas, and even though glass is a formidable gas barrier some will sneak in over time,and the vacuum will be lost. The higher the vacuum the faster it is lost. This has meant that leakage points have been avoided, so we have seen all glass tubes, which have the drawback of being fragile and tubular (so less space efficient).

The glass-metal seal is a key to allowing high vacuum to persist. Innovations in this regard came from CERN in Switzerland, an unlikely source as they run big particle accelerators, or maybe not so if you consider that vacuum is a big part of letting protons, electrons and such fly at near light speeds.  RSB Energy was spun of off CERN. The above collector is for sale for large projects.

It now seems there is another company that uses a similar vacuum seal technology called TVPSolar in Italy (which seems unrelated to SRB Energy) that is marketing a Solar Thermal collector with a little lower max temperature 300 Celsius, which is enough for many important applications. This technology beats all other solar technologies, including fresnel, parabolic trough and vacuum tubes.

SRB Energy is ramping up production in Spain and Italy, distributing as far as Chile

Funny detail which poses a challenge with high vacuum is the fact that when you try to pump out gas from a chamber, you can reach a point where there are next to no molecules flying around anymore to separate from the low pressure space and move to the high pressure space. To find the last gas molecules (which can still amount to significant heat loss). The way to do this is by using a material that reacts strongly with the gas, something that ‘rusts’ easily. These so called ‘getter‘ materials suck up the last gas molecules in the panel. The result is a panel fit to generate heat for industrial, airco and domestic use, with output temps reaching their heights no matter how cold it is outside.

The heat market has really been married to gas for decades now, and it is natural that gas tries everything to remain attractive to this market. But solar thermal heat is now ready for continuous heat intensive industrial processes, and they don’t involve all the trouble gas is causing including international disputes, earthquakes, fracking toxicity and landscape destruction and last but not least : recurrent cost. To compete in an environment with increasing renewable capacity, the adoption of renewables is the only way, and a better, healthier and life friendly way.

If you are interested in these products in the Benelux you can contact Zonneboilerpro.nl TVPSolar or SRC Energy.

 

 

 

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Competitive Emissions Reduction : Climategames

The climate negotiations in Paris have very little teeth. Most countries are at emissions reduction trajectories that are almost natural considering the advantages of renewables over fossil fuels. Not trying to set binding targets makes the COP20 very weak, but the question could be asked: Is that the right strategy anyway. Herman Scheer already dismissed it as “Globally acting, locally postponing”, a deeper problem may exist.

A carbon emissions satellite image

How do you know what impact a climate target will have on your economy? You really have to know your economy to begin with, then there are many unknowns to consider, especially in a free market economy. What would setting a global reduction target to stay below 2 degrees mean anyway? What counts is how it would be executed, and setting that in some kind of contract is next to impossible.

COP Meetings are basically fossil fuel representative gatherings where they can argue about who can use the most the longest

Even if a system gets introduced to curb CO2 emissions, for instance the Emissions Trading System or ETS, we see that it is on the one hand used to financialize (increasing emissions) and on the other hand weakend by an abundance of ‘rights’, there will be a 2 billion surplus in 2020. Such a solution that is introduced over a large zone proves less effective than the cure to its flaws applied in the UK : A local carbon tax that leads to a minimum price for ETSes bought by companies in the UK.

Perhaps states should not be asked to agree on targets, but compete over them. They should show to be the lowest emitter year on year or even month on month in return for a serious bonus. Judgement should be pooled in one organization under the UN, or IPCC. A constant tally of all emissions per jurisdiction should be kept and every month and year, a reward for reduction should be payed out from a global fund everyone pays into. The goal would be to lower the emissions per capita and even make them negative (something some consider impossible, but which is as simple as planting a tree and not burning it).

A precentage reduction metric would slow down progress eventually, because 5% of 100 = 5 but 5% of 20 = 1

What is lacking right now is insight into the numbers. There are complex models but we have not seen a ranking of countries by emissions that is detailed to show individual actions that led to the reductions yet. Many states instead still choose (or are corrupted into) increasing emissions.

Divide the CO2 above a territory by its surface area and you have its CO2 score. This score could be compared by month or even week, year on year. Ranking is by approximation of 1990 CO2 ppm levels.

A competitive system makes it unnecessary to agree, except on the rules of the competition, which are pretty clear and will become more clear as more satelites can observer CO2 pollution directly. Of course care must be taken to find the sources of CO2 so to attribute them correctly. Alternatively this can be considered a ‘known bug’ competitors simply have to deal with.

Climategames can be divided in leagues, with the little league for developing countries taking small steps and the big league for big countries

It’s a “I don’t care how you do it, just do it!” method that seems much more efficient than giving the fossil fuel economy every opportunity to defend itself in COP negotiations.

Climate lottery

Another way to incentivise action is to have a running lottery. The advantage is that it delivers bigger prices (to fewer). A point about any climate game is that it has to reward the citizen, not the government. Then if you consider the popularity and low cost of lotteries citizen will appreciate it when they recieve prices for their territory making most headway. The choice of which territory gets a reward is based on science, the choice of who will recieve that reward is based on a lottery.

 You are in the lottery by definition, or maybe you have to sign up to be able to recieve a price

Perhaps the lottery can use the metric of the trajectories so that if a country is faster than it’s business as usual trajectory it gains points.