Water and Rain in the Desert

Deserts are dry, but the air in them is not 100% dry. To take an example, in Morocco, the place called Merzouga is very dry, even though there is a lake and small oasiseses.

In the below graph you can see how that works : Right now the temp there is 26 degrees Celsius, the humidity is 16%. You start below at 26 degrees then you look for the curve for 16% humidity, then you go to the right to see how many grams of water the air contains. At this point it the air contains 0.004 gram water per gram of air. That means it contains about 4 grams of water per m3 (which weighs about 1.1 kg). Not a lot! Another way of looking at it is that the ‘dew point’ is at -2 Celsius, so 28 degrees lower than the actual temperature.

So in theory if you cool 1 m3 of air to -2 Celsius you will see 4 grams of water condense. So if you build a cooling mechanism that can harvest cold once condensation has taken place that will surely work great to get the water out of the air. You can increase the efficiency with an electric field as water is polar and will move in the field. It is a good question whether at high temperatures water really needs a lot of coaxing to separate out, or at least move to a region with higher humidity as the heat transfer is relatively small.

How would you cool the air? With wind power. There is a complete design for such a device from a dutch producer we wrote about already, but his plans where thwarted by ‘investors’ meaning banks that increase the price of the invention so it becomes impossible to deploy. This happens all the time Shell is a major company constantly sabotaging energy innovation for example.

We need devices like the Dutch Rainmaker if we want to aforest the desert. They are cheap and efficient, the parts cost about 10.000 Euro, not too much one would say. Companies that worked on this in 2012 have since folded or been bought up. But it can still be done. The challeng is to achieve the same effect but with the least amount of resources and overhead. Anyone that designs a breakthrough in this field will be responsible for more life to exist in the desert.

Cloud seeding can be done with any type of dust, preferably charged though. Salt is fine. They used to be dropped from fuel guzzling heavy planes, but these days there are electric drones, even ones that can loiter for hours on solar energy. China actually managed to do it.

UAE “The country does, though, “have plenty of clouds”, so the plan is to persuade the water droplets in them to merge and stick together, “like dry hair to a comb” when it meets static electricity, he said.”

“The radar-controlled drone dispersed silver iodide into clouds to convert ambient moisture into rainfall. Relative to traditional equipment such as cannons and manned aircraft, drones can reach higher altitudes, have a longer range (they can run for more than 10 hours), are suitable for operations in complex weather conditions, and are more efficient, cost effective and safer” But silver can’t be wasted endlessly

Floating Solar Power Plants

Main challenges for floating solar power plants can be

1. Water damage
2. Corrosion
3. Algae, dirt accumulation
4. Making sure the panel remains above water
5. Making sure the panel doesn’t get blown away
6. Getting power to shore

Also check out Floating Solar.com

“We are targeting megacities and large companies in the Mediterranean, the Caribbean, South East Asia, and in general markets with high solar radiation in the global Sun Belt,” CEO Koen Burgers told pv magazine.

From the piece : The company will deploy its first real offshore PV plant on the Waal, a major waterway connecting the port of Rotterdam to Germany. SolarDuck will supply four linked platforms fitted with 39 solar panels each. The project will have a total installed capacity of 65 kW and will be connected to a 10 kW electrolyzer operated by Voyex. The project will be built at a cost of €1 million. You can deploy 1 MW of floating solar for €1 million, so the novel construction, electrolyzer and H2 storage and project cost are taking a large piece of this pie, namelijk €900.000.

ProFloating.nl

Bayware.de

PVsolarFirst.com

Mibetsolar

Qihuawatereng

Floating solar panels at sea

ABB

Statcraft

Sunlitsea

New Floating Homes, Still Priced to Market

Holland is a nice country, but the last 12 years it has been looted by banks. They installed a government so focused on serving them one scandal seems to be following the other. Still the leader of the VVD, Mark Rutte does not take the hint to skadiddle.

One of the crisis created by Stef Blok, by making housing rules more favourable to banks, is that homes have increased dramatically in price, rents as well, all while social housing corporations where taxed more, so less new homes where build. On top of that no bank or politician (in power) kept an eye on the nitrogen budget (essential for nature to thrive) so builders and airports and farmers are all in a bundle because on or the other has to cut activities.

And to boot this shit government has promoted the burning of wood, a low nitrogen emission building material. If you thought this was it then there’s still another thing which is that Holland is sinking due to the rot of peat underground, this rot emits massive amounts of Methane, but it also means homes foundations are exposed to the air and can rot.

All this means anyone buying a home now will have to think about his/her pension and value for their children (if you are that optimistic about the future). Or we learn to build with water, not against it. Building on the water is actually quite attractive, and floating homes are cheap to make and can last a long time. Because Holland is experimeting with this kind of architecture you can find them in several places, Amsterdam and Woerden for example. The company Balance d’eau (also Zeinstra Verbeek) has realized a couple of €541.500,- Euro homes, which is not cheap, about 1,6 times the average home price at the moment.

The homes below are fixed to the land by poles on which they can move up and down with the varying water level.

The homes are lovely, no doubt, but this is either concrete or steel build and thus relatively cheap. Several other examples can now be found in Holland, below a video about the experimental homes in Amsterdam. These have concrete floats.

All the functions of a home can be solved easily, so called “woonboten” have existed for as long as there are boats you could live on. The bove project in Amsterdam saw homes being build all around the country and towed to Amsterdam. This is expensive but also allows for more varied designs and manufacturing processes, which helps the learning curve.

The problem we see here though is the pricing of these homes. It feels quite luxurious to live on water this way, so they are priced accordingly. The owners are taking a chance, the right to be there in the first place (rent of the water space) is probably not cheap, and then the way these projects are organized the cost are pretty much fixed.

Tiny homes are an attempt to escape, not a solution

It is important to NOT find a solution to the cost but simply produce and deliver at lower cost. This is only possible by companies with low overhead, and here we find that small companies don’t have a lobby, either defensive or offensive to build these kind of structures.

In de media you can read that “Floating homes are still too expensive and you can’t get a mortgage on them” This is typical and shows how the game is rigged. Apparently cities want to allow them, but banks fear their cheapness and instant alure, and don’t want more homes quickly cause it would cash the housing market. Meanwhile it is pretty obvious this is the way to go if all the land is owned by banks and its price constantly maximized. Holland is of the dutch, not of the dutch banks.

I have suggested to build a giant floating solar powerplant on the Markermeer in Holland, it is an empty lake that does not have much use, it is to muddy for fish, it has plants growing that hinder boats. It is 700 square kilometer of which we could make 350 square kilometer solar power plant with floating homes underneath. Because we would be talking major project here

This design is so heavy it allows for a subaqautic part.. A unique but space creating feature..

New floating homes for sale in Urk

The challenge is to do this on a much larger scale, and integrating solar electricity power plant, electricity storage, heat management and other functions. This is the Markermeerzonnecentrale.nl project. According to the people in the video below the new designs are also very energy efficient, they pay 20 Euro energy per year!

Winged Wind Turbines Remain in Limbo

The sport of dynamic soaring is not well known, but it can be pretty spectacular. The point of it is to fly an (rc) plane along with the wind, so it gathers speed, and then to turn back through a patch of air with less wind. The speed gained is stored in the mass of the plane as well as the resistence of the air as it loops round. Then the plane moves at speed x and the air at speed y and these speeds are added, until in some cases the plane travels at 800 km/h

Another way to gain energy from the wind is to be tethered to the ground and have the wind push you relative to this tether. This is the same mechanism as is used by sailing boats or kite surf kites. The Makani turbine plane is a good example. It is in the demo phase. Another kit is the Ampex kite.

The irony with these kind of concepts is that it can take reaaaaaly long to become a product. Below we have a demo that works in 2013. In the mean time they have spend years to ‘perfect’ the concept, but it was essentially working then.

Basically any kite with a turbine can generate energy, so it doesn’t need to be a heavily designed product at all.

This year Ampyx is publishing cool videos of their “Airborne Wind Energy Systems (AWES) to harness the immense and consistent power in high-altitude wind to provide reliable, low-cost energy.”

These are stalling processes with a beautifull appearance, a happy company but what renewable energy generating profit to show for all the investment? There are several other companies trying to do what Ampyx or Makani are doing.

The above Shell sponsored is exhausting in that it once again promises a technology that could reduce demand for fossil fuel. It seems these kind of product are kept in stasis by people claiming to help!

Kitemill seems to be more serious but they only did demo’s and “build internal competence”. So this is exactly the same story. We need to make these damn products.

It is true that wind turbines where pushed back by investors based on their ‘reliability’ which needed to be perfected. This lead to very heavy turbines that cost a lot of money and where very noisy. Now they have different (neodymium) magnets so they are way more powerfull (up to 12 MW now) and less noisy. But it cost a decade more than necessary just because fossil credit investors where slowing things down.

The below is a way more flimsy design, but it works fine and generates 450 W energy. If you multiply this by 100 you have 45 kW energy on a windy day, enough to heat your home. You can see more of their current designs here.

The real challenge with these concepts is to keep it super simple, to deliver a product and to grow a market at the price point of the basic thing. If you keep stuck in a design limbo with a feeling of perfectionism as a goal you will not achieve anything.

If the above video doesn’t show you can find it here

Above another project where the plane takes off controlled, This is way easier than from some kind of pole, and it could even be free if you hook on the tether just before takeoff (drop tethere, land, reposition tether, connect, take off, possibly fully autonomous). This could all be autonomous with smaller plans soaring charging and landing. Also the higher the voltage the thinner the tether needs to be.

Below a presentation about the potential and some other players. It seems wild that someone started with a simple effective design in 2011 and we still have no product.

Put the sound level down for the start of the below video..It seems this product is largely seen a hobby to work on, not as something you can actually use.

Another one. TwingTec 2018

One AI to Rule the World

Writing about AI is dangerous, it may result in someone building a system that solves problems we don’t want solved (like how to build a small nuclear bom) even though problem solving is not yet a strong talent of current deep learning algorithms.

Protecting against dangerous AI is almost impossible because AI doesn’t need to be highly advanced to be dangerous, it doesn’t even need to be AI, it can be a product of AI. an evolved algorithm or method of processing data that when one has developed it can do damage as part of some sensory or targeting system for example.

How to deal with this risk? The answer seems to lie in a system that can observe the world. A system that ‘loves’ humans. This sounds like sci fi, but of course in order to protect anything an AI needs to know what it is, what it looks like, what it can do, although this also depends on the capabilities of the AI.

For example, if humans want to be protected from an AI that puts out forest fires, the AI needs to understand humans need water too. The challenge of putting out a forest fire with a number of water carrying drones can not result in the total depletion or pollution of bodies of water on which a lot of people depend.

It is a comforting thought we are not there yet, no Skynet is operational, but it may soon be in some places. You only need to build a radar station, and have a fleet of drones with guns that meet and shoot at anything within a certain range. No big challenge there, we’ve seen it. You may not know but there are even self aiming rifles for humans to use these days. Every shot a bulls eye!

The solution I think of is uncommon and I have not seen it. It is to create an AI that spans the globe. Not physically, even though it will live in servers actually around the globe, but it will primarily be of use to others, it will be a global segmented cortex. It will recieve information and make it available. That will be its initial functionality, but in a way that makes sense to deep learning type algorithms.

The style of processing I think of is not that of modern LSTM networks, that is too rigid, but I have not managed to demonstrate the principle so I can’t write about it here. There is also the problem that the world does not respond to any AI processing on servers, so the system can’t have any real goals or take real action on its own. There is a way around this problem though. But I will try to see if this is feasible. To be continued.

How Does Electric Iron Smelting Work?

We all know that when a current runs trough a wire or some other conductor, that conductor gets hot. So this is the same with Iron. Iron is a good conductor, rust as well, slack and stone not so much. To separate all the impurities and drive of the Oxygen from the rust you just jolt it with a lot of current and it will melt. This is a much cleaner process than using coal, although that source of energy was certainly the cheapest for the purpose.

Steel mills all over the world are increasingly being discovered to be a source of terrible pollution for the locals who have to live downstream of the chimneys. In Holland people around the TATA steel mills at IJmuiden have more diseases than elsewhere. Not a big surprise you can readily see the soot accummulated on the windows there. The above electric method is a way out of this, but then there is the question where to produce the electricity needed, because a lot is required. Until now moving iron ore and iron itself was the major cost factor determinining the price of iron. The fossil fuel industry subsidized this especially for the EU, which is after all a union of Coal and Steel, simply because all needed it to modernize (modernizing is a synonim of adapting to fossil fuel as a primary energy source). Modernizing Europe went without war because nobody hoarded the coal and steel (too much).

I think we can make TATA Steel clean if we build a solar power plant on the Markermeer. A floating one, that can also include homes and marinas and green patches for birds to land and rest on their trecks. Check out the

Markermeerzonnecentrale.nl website.

If you like the idea, join our supporters here.

Frigid Energy Storage

Storing energy is a challenge now that the amount of renewable energy production is growing. The willfully failing grid operators pretend the world will come to an end when their ignoring energy production trends starts to really destabilize their grid. They are failing and they are happy to, because they like centralized fossil or nuclear energy production. So what can you do as a home solar system owner?

Cold radiates less so it loses less cold over time than heat

Energy storage is about storing and recovering energy. In some cases you want to recover electricity because it is versatile, you can power your TV, computer, gamebox, lawnmower etc. For that purpose you may want to have a Powerwall or other now commercially available home grid connected battery. You can opt for a phase change material based water heating system. This means you use the electricity from you solar panels to heat phase change material, that then stores the heat until it gets disturbed into releasing it, in boiler type system. These systems are still very expensive even though the raw materails are not. There is a product in this field we will ad a link here.

But one way to store energy is as cold. You cool a reservoir of some material, one with preferable a thermal storage capacity, underground, and later use the cold to help your airconditioner. Of course any heat pump based generator can use the cold to generate electricity against the warm outside air, especially when you make it work against heat you tap from your solar panels. This has been shown to be quite efficient, but then again, efficiency is not a big concern as long as you get things done. You earn money by not running your AC as hard as you otherwise would.

Its a simple concept you can implement yourself by simply buying a freezer and running coils through it and to an underground storage tank. Then you also make some tubes to go to your airconditioning and some control valves and pumps to cool your airco hot side when it gets too hot and you have cold available.

You can imagine a so called ‘coldwell’ that consists of a tank to be stored underground with a AC type unit pulling the heat out of it. The difference being that the cold is not immediately lost by solar heating or ventilation.

Viking Cold Solutions Installs 1.3 MW of Thermal Energy Storage

From the article : Viking Cold’s TES systems not only store enough energy to cycle off refrigeration for up to 13 hours per day to avoid time-of-use and demand charges, they also improve the existing refrigeration systems’ efficiency and reduce consumption by more than 25 percent.

Cold thermal energy storage

From the article : We discovered that if we pair CTES and appropriate chilling system control strategies, renewable energy utilization jumped from 10% to more than 50%. These results suggest that widespread implementation of CTES will boost renewable penetration for utilities.

Who are HitBTC

HitBTC is not letting us acces our crypto. Many others are complaining it is throwing up hurdles to acces. We had 2FA active on our account, and we want it removed. HitBTC is not doing it. This is theft. We read elsewhere that HitBTC is also making it hard to withdraw funds off their platform. This is also theft. People have jumped through hoops and then get no effect of their actions. They have trusted HitBTC with their hard earned coins and they are being unlawfully disowned.

“So you wait the 4 days, and most people will then try to withdraw their funds. 100% of the time, I guarantee, the withdrawal will fail. Even though it’s well within the stated withdrawal limits, HitBTC will fail your withdrawal. They won’t even tell you why. You’ll need to follow up with support.”

I have raised compaints now through our Twitter channel several times. been contacted on our ‘ticket’ by Domingo Herrera but the requirements are rediculous. He is mailing our personal email address with a name identical to my own. I send a passport picture, I send transaction data. There is no will to free my account. There is 10.000 Euro worth of crypto in it. This can’t go on for all the users of this platform. So who are they?

Some expert thinks HitBTC is a fraudulent site

HitBTC insolvent

Representative Office

Av Vitacura 2969,
Las Condes,
Región Metropolitana, Chile

But they have a mailing address elsewhere (obviously for tax reasons, nobody is there)

Hit Tech Solutions Development Ltd.
Suite 15, Oliaji Trade Centre, Francis Rachel Street,
Victoria, Mahe, Seychelles

Server Location

https://check-host.net/ip-info?host=www.hitbtc.com

We think they are in Chile. they must be in some kind of trouble. The think with these exchanges is that crypto increases in value, if you want to leave the exchange you have to find a buyer in real money, then you transfer the money out of the accounts of the exchange. The exchange is not going to buy the crypto off you, that would make it a participant in your speculation. This is why a crypto dollar like the USDT is popular, and why it is important crypto is accepted as payment.

It may be that HitBTC used crypto of its clients to pay bills or do other stuff they felt like doing, and now they can’t really deliver the coins people think are still in their accounts. That would mean they are committing large scale fraud which they try to hide by making people not access their accounts. In one description it is said that 2FA was ‘turned off’ so it didn’t work anymore. If that was an active decision on the part of HitBTC that is obviously an act of theft.

Crypto is money in the EU, and stealing is illegal. Asking for half the administration in order to remove a 2FA authentication safeguard is complete nonsense. The question remains how to recover our funds. We can travel to their offices, they may deny access and maintian they want all the documents they already asked for. The people there might be really nice. They may refer to the Seychelles. It may be best to consult a Chilean lawyer about Chilean law. We will find the most effective action and take it.